Ice and NSAID’s contra-indicated in treatment of fractures and soft tissue injuries:

New York Times: Phys Ed: Does Ibuprofen Help or Hurt During Exercise? by Tara Parker-Pope (2009)

The Telegraph: Putting Ice on Injuries Could Slow Healing Slapping a packet of frozen peas on a black eye or a sprained ankle may prevent it getting better, new research suggests. By Richard Alleyne, Science Correspondent (2010)

Chicago Sports Medicine: Putting Ice on Ligament Injuries

Caring Medical: RICE: Why We Do Not Recommend It

Journal of Athletic Training: The Role of Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in the Treatment of Acute Soft Tissue Injuries by Jay Hertel, MEd, ATC (1997)

Caring Medical: SPORTS INJURIES NSAIDs: Why We Do Not Recommend Them

Paoloni, Justin A and Orchard, John W. The use of therapeutic medications for soft-tissue injuries in sports medicine. MJA 2005; 183 (7): 384-388.

Slatyer, M. A randomized controlled trial of Piroxicam in the management of acute ankle sprain in Australian regular army recruits. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 1997; 25:544-553.

Soma I. Lilly, Soma I and Messer, Terry M. Complications After Treatment of Flexor Tendon Injuries. J Am AcadOrthopSurg, July 2006; 14 (7): 387-396.


Bruckner, P. Clinical Sports Medicine. New York City, NY: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1995, pp. 105-109

Myers, Thomas W. Anatomy Trains: Myofascial Meridians for Manual and Movement Therapists.

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